Contact with nature is beneficial for the psychic and cognitive abilities of children

Scientific Evidence Platform Scientific evidence Contact with nature is beneficial for the psychic and cognitive abilities of children
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SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES:

  • Engemann, K., Pedersen, C. B., Arge, L., Tsirogiannis, C., Mortensen, P. B., & Svenning, J. C. (2019). Residential green space in childhood is associated with lower risk of psychiatric disorders from adolescence into adulthood. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(11), 5188–5193. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1807504116
  • Taylor, A. F., Kuo, F. E., & Sullivan, W. C. (2001). Coping with add: The Surprising Connection to Green Play Settings. Environment and Behavior33(1), 54–77. https://doi.org/10.1177/00139160121972864
  • Kambas, A., Venetsanou, F., Giannakidou, D., Fatouros, I. G., Avloniti, A., Chatzinikolaou, A., Draganidis, D., & Zimmer, R. (2012). The Motor-Proficiency-Test for children between 4 and 6 years of age (MOT 4-6): An investigation of its suitability in Greece. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 33(5), 1626–1632. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2012.04.002
  • Kuo, F. E., & Faber Taylor, A. (2004). A potential natural treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Evidence from a national study. American Journal of Public Health, 94(9), 1580–1586. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.94.9.1580
  • Yu, C. P., Lin, C. M., Tsai, M. J., Tsai, Y. C., & Chen, C. Y. (2017). Effects of short forest bathing program on autonomic nervous system activity and mood states in middle-aged and elderly individuals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14080897

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It has been shown that contact with the outdoors and especially with nature has beneficial effects on children’s psychological health. While children in regular contact with nature are less prone to stress, those who grew up in areas with little green space are more likely to develop a psychiatric disorder (depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia).

On the other hand, certain cognitive disorders are prevented and reduced by exposing children to natural environments. Thus, various studies have developed that children attending schools where the outdoor environment is well integrated have a better attention span. At the same time, for children suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder with or without hyperactivity (ADHD), regular activities in a green environment continuously reduce their symptoms and the more “green” a child’s play area is, the less severe his or her attention deficit symptoms are, when they would be accentuated by activities carried out indoors or in urban outdoor spaces.

More benefits from contact with nature: physical health benefits

This article demonstrates that children who go outside daily make significantly greater motor progress than those who stay in class.

According to this research, spending time surrounded by trees lowers heart rate, blood pressure and levels of the stress hormones cortisol and adrenaline.

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marina

Estar en contacto con la natura ha sido demostrado que es mucho más efectivo para aprender mejor. Estar en un ambiente abierto, donde puedas ver la natura, te toque el aire y se escuchen los pájaros en vez de los coches, aporta un mejor ambiente que ayuda a sentirse mejor y menos estresado.
Yo he estudiado toda mi vida en una escuela en medio del campo y he podido comprobar que estar lejos del bullicio de la ciudad te hace sentir más relajado.
También lo he podido comprobar en el echo de estudiar en casa. No salir de mi casa en todo el día porque he estado encerrada estudiando es muy diferente de cuando hago lo mismo pero en la natura, la sensación de estar mejor, más feliz y relajada crece.
El echo de que las personas con TDAH mejoran en un entorno ‘verde’ es una realidad:
hay un estudio de 6 niños con TDAH donde se estudia su cambio tras ponerlos a estudiar en contacto con la naturaleza. El estudio observo que sus síntomas disminuían, más motivación por el estudio, adaptación a las normas, estados de tranquilidad prolongados, mayor receptividad al contacto social, disminución de la agresividad, hiperactividad, impulsividad y mayor tolerancia hacia uno mismo y hacia los demás.
Damasceno, et ad. (2022) How Nature Affects The Behavior of ADHD Children: A Case Study in Northeastern Brazil , Web of Science
 

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