Pornography influences sex education
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- Diamond, M. (2009). Pornography, public acceptance and sex related crime: A review. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 32(5), 304-314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2009.06.004
Explanation of the Post
Over the years, the age of first exposure to pornography has been decreasing among adolescents, just as we are told by Addison, J; et al. in “Pornography use among adolescents and the role of primary care” (2022), therefore, some authors tell us that the study of the consumption of pornography must be carried out through an impartial understanding of its impact. Its stigmatization must be stopped since leaving the topic confined or “underground” only limits the understanding of its effects on the sexual health of adolescents. Likewise, they seek the promotion of literacy in pornography, in order to use it as an intervention tool with the purpose of teaching sexual health, since among the most negative effects of the consumption of pornography, it stands out that adolescents are exposed to unrealistic beliefs and attitudes about sex, coming to perceive sex as physical and casual rather than emotional and relational. Specifically, they stimulate dialogue on the topic of pornography, since being a present reality in the lives of the majority of the population, which continues to proliferate thanks to access to the Internet. Not giving it a space for discussion and representativeness only continues to stimulate the misconception of sexual life in adolescents, when in reality its positive and negative effects can be balanced to give clarity to the discourse.
In addition, a contribution by Aidan McGlynn in “What can philosophy contribute to ‘education to address pornography’s influence’?” (2022) is about considering the context in which we could contemplate a sexual education in such a way that we can understand pornography, adding philosophical interpretations that create healthy spaces of communication. That way we will better understand the symbology and messages that pornography contracts, analyze and understand what is reflected.
On the other hand, in a study conducted by Manoj Kumar Sharma, et al. (2019). Happy Baglari, Priya Singh, Is porn use becoming a modality of sex education among teenagers? Attributes the beginning of the use of pornography to the lack of opportunities to discuss these issues in the school and family context, as well as the curiosity to explore these issues through the literature available on online platforms. Excessive use of the Internet to overcome curiosity during adolescence and early adulthood about many topics, including sex, generally drives people to access the Internet, which usually becomes excessive for some users. To confirm the veracity of these claims, a UK report showed that 60% of adolescents (N=2500) use pornography to learn about sex to fill the gap in sex education. 75% even admitted that they created unrealistic expectations (Unión Nacional de Estudiantes, 2015). 88% of male adolescents and 58% of females had not received sexual education. They used books, magazines or pornography to find out more about sex (Mamulwar et al., 2015). Users in the younger age group are learning about sex from what they, their peers, or their partners see in pornography (Flood, 2009).
According to other study, which focuses mainly on cisgender heterosexual boys and young men in Australia, they may experience or perpetuate a range of harms in their romantic and sexual encounters with women due to expectations that they adhere to problematic ideals and norms concerning masculinity and heterosexuality (Waling et al., (2023). Among the results, pornography was found to have negative effects on young men’s perceptions but they recognized having an absence of skills to address it, especially due to the lack of critical thinking. One of the main ideas is that critical pornography literacies should be developed to provide young people with a set of skills to assess pornography and understand how it may shape their views and expectations concerning sex and pleasure.
Finally, before all that has been presented, we consider that the consumption of pornography has cognitive implications in adolescents and on their conception of sexuality, therefore, from the primary spheres, the space should be expanded to deal with sexual education.
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