Sex Education prevents gender violence, while “sex education” increases it.

Scientific Evidence Platform Scientific evidence Sex Education prevents gender violence, while “sex education” increases it.
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SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES:

  • Puigvert, L., Gelsthorpe, L., Soler-Gallart, M., & Flecha, R. (2019). Girls’ perceptions of boys with violent attitudes and behaviours, and of sexual attraction. Palgrave Communications, 5(1), 1-12. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41599-019-0262-5
  • Racionero-Plaza, S., Ugalde-Lujambio, L., Puigvert, L., & Aiello, E. (2018). Reconstruction of autobiographical memories of violent sexual-affective relationships through scientific reading on love: A psycho-educational intervention to prevent gender violence. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1996. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01996/full#h5
  • Racionero-Plaza, S., Duque, E., Padrós, M., & Molina Roldán, S. (2021). “Your Friends Do Matter”: Peer Group Talk in Adolescence and Gender Violence Victimization. Children, 8(2), 65. https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9067/8/2/65
  • Villarejo-Carballido, B., Pulido, C. M., Zubiri-Esnaola, H., & Oliver, E. (2022). Young People’s Voices and Science for Overcoming Toxic Relationships Represented in Sex Education. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(6), 3316. https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/6/3316

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COMMENT:

Sex Education prevents gender violence when solid research to back them up. Failure to do so introduces serious errors in the sexuality education of children, young people and adults. For example:

  • Research has shown the common error in “sex education” of placing the danger of sexual violence in stable relationships while omitting that there is even more danger in sporadic relationships. The research shows that it is essential to educate in making visible and confronting the coercive discourse present in diverse social contexts, which leads to violent relationships.
  • There is consensus that Sex Education produces results that are promoted together with the educational community and the immediate context, promoting the rooting and transformation of community values.
  • Sex Education that succeeds in preventing gender violence reflects on and deepens feelings, especially friendship and love. Failure to do so exposes girls and boys to more violent and Disdainful Hook-Ups
  • Research has identified a significant component leading to gender violence, a dominant socialisation process that associates attractiveness (those who are most liked) with men who display violent behaviours and attitudes. In contrast, egalitarian and non-violent men are emptied of attractiveness. Sex education that detracts from the attractiveness of egalitarian and non-violent men impacts an increase in gender-based violence.

OTHER SOURCES:

  • Crooks, C. V., Jaffe, P., Dunlop, C., Kerry, A., & Exner-Cortens, D. (2018). Preventing Gender-Based Violence Among Adolescents and Young Adults: Lessons From 25 Years of Program Development and Evaluation. Violence Against Women. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801218815778
  • Makleff, S., Garduño, J., Zavala, R. I., Barindelli, F., Valades, J., Billowitz, M., … & Marston, C. (2020). Preventing intimate partner violence among young people—a qualitative study examining the role of comprehensive sexuality education. Sexuality research and social policy, 17(2), 314-325. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13178-019-00389-x#Sec8
  • White, J. W., Sienkiewicz, H. C., & Smith, P. H. (2018). Envisioning Future Directions: Conversations With Leaders in Domestic and Sexual Assault Advocacy, Policy, Service, and Research. Violence Against Women. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801218815771
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Estefania

From my point of view, giving sex education at early ages would help prevent and decrease gender violence in the future, since this type of education is not only based on sexuality, but also expresses equality between men and women as people, teaches different values, and to validate all kinds of feelings regardless of sex. 
In addition, it is important to give a complete and truthful sexual education because there are multiple sources that transmit false expectations and beliefs of what a sexual relationship really is, and they are the basis of the huge problem we have today. By implementing this teaching we can ensure that in the future it will no longer be a taboo subject and transmit enough confidence for children and adolescents to ask questions and be properly informed.

Berta

Firstly, in my view, sexual education is a type of learning that should be compulsory in all schools. Firstly, because the child education stage, for example, is one of the periods of the child’s greatest development and therefore a stage in which children should be trained, through activities adapted to their abilities, on sexual education. For example, Taman Kanak Kanak Islam Terpadu Adzkia Padang through adaptation programs in daily activities has implemented sexual education. In addition, bringing sexual education to school can help children and adolescents to adopt healthier and more positive attitudes and behaviour in this area. On the other hand, it is also important to investigate in those sporadic relationships which, as we are told in the article, are the ones who are most sexually endangered, whether by violent, misogynistic attitudes, among others. It is important to give a voice to this kind of relationship as well. Finally, we are also told in the investigation of a significant component such as that of attraction, men who are more violent are the most attractive but those who are not, are not attractive at all. This paradigm needs to be reversed in order to prevent an increase in violence.



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