Poor parental relationships in divorce or separation have an impact on children’s well-being

Scientific Evidence Platform Scientific evidence Poor parental relationships in divorce or separation have an impact on children’s well-being

From birth, the family becomes absolutely relevant, as it is the family that fulfils people’s needs until they are young. The family becomes the basis for psychological, physical and emotional development when we are more vulnerable.

As we already know, parental divorce affects their children in one way or another, and if we add to this the determinant of a divorce or conflictive parental relationship, it has a negative impact on their children, causing emotional instability, intense reactions, painful feelings, sadness, grief, anger, insecurity, low self-esteem, etc.

After what has been mentioned above, it is essential to point out that there are studies that show that there are cases in which the child is relieved when one of the parents leaves home. This is due to a possible violent atmosphere, i.e., before taking the decision of separation or divorce, there are moments of tension, disputes or even verbal violence by the parents and children are usually those who are there at those moments.

In fact, studies have also found that this poor relationship can even influence their socialisation process, which is essential for a person’s complete development. Furthermore, these studies show that poor relationships and conflict between parents generate anxiety disorders and alterations in their children’s school and academic capacity.


  • Cifuentes Neumann, O. and Milicic Müller, N. (2012). Crisis in the infancy: what the children think, feel and say, on the separation of the parents?. Universitas Psychologica, 11(2), 469-480. https://www.proquest.com/docview/1771628289?accountid=14777
  • Valle, Jorge F. del and Bravo, A. (2013). Current trends, figures and challenges in out of home child care: an international comparative analysis. Psychosocial Intervention, 22(3), 251-257.https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S113205591370028
  • Valle, Jorge F. del (2013). Out of care in child protection: An international overview. Psychosocial Intervention, 22(3), 161-162. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S113205591370019X
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After having carried out an investigation on the treated subject, we have observed how in almost all the cases the divorce of the parents supposes a strong drop in well-being for the life of the child, however, not carrying out the process of separation on a friendly way on many occasions ends up assuming no longer a temporary downturn for the children, but a greater blow towards the long-term exposure of the child’s well-being.
One of the data that most allows us to support our hypothesis is the fact that in all the studies carried out in which the state of well-being is compared between children with joint parents and divorced parents, it ends up revealing a notable difference, in which children whose parents are still together tend to be happier than those who are divorced, and in those cases in which the divorce has been controversial, it can be seen that the quality of life of the children who suffer it is even lower.
However, we have been able to observe that in some way the damage to the minor can be reduced if these parents, despite having a bad relationship with each other, maintain a healthy relationship with their children, making them feel loved and that whatever happens they will be there.
A correct intervention is essential in these cases to try to ensure that the lives of minors are affected as little as possible and that the new family situation does not imply a possible school failure, mental health problems or end up leading to the consumption of substances by minors.


Roizblatt S., Arturo, Leiva F., Valentina M., & Maida S., Ana Margarita. (2018). Separación o divorcio de los padres. Consecuencias en los hijos y recomendaciones a los padres y pediatras. Revista chilena de pediatría89(2), 166-172. https://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062018000200166

Orgilés, Mireia, & Samper, M.ª Dolores. (2011). El impacto del divorcio en la calidad de vida de los niños de 8 a 12 años de edad en la provincia de Alicante. Gaceta Sanitaria25(6), 490-494. Recuperado en 29de mayo de 2022, dehttp://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0213-91112011000600009&lng=es&tlng=es

Alicia del socorro D., Medina, A, González, Nhora Isabel, & Rolón,I. . (2007). Relación entre la experiencia de la separación parental y la construcción de un proyecto de vida del joven y la joven universitarios. Universitas Psychologica6(3), 713-725. Recuperado en 29 de mayo de 2022, de http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1657-92672007000300020&lng=es&tlng=es.

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