Yes isn’t enough to give consent

Scientific evidence platform Scientific evidence Yes isn’t enough to give consent
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SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES:

  • Flecha, R., Tomás, G., & Vidu, A. (2020). Contributions from psychology to effective use and achievement of sexual consents. Frontiers in Psychology. https://10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00092
  • Flecha, R., & Soler, M. (2010). From Austin’s speech acts to communicative acts. Perspectives from Searle, Habermas and CREA. Signos, 43(2), 363–375. doi: 10.4067/S0718-09342010000400007
  • Vidu, A., & Tomás Martínez, G. (2019). The Affirmative “Yes”. Sexual Offense Based on Consent. Masculinities and Social Change, 8(1), 91-112. doi: 10.17583/mcs.2019.3739

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COMMENT:

Any speech act is not enough, the whole communicative act should be dialogic for there to be consent. “Only yes is yes” does not take into account that “yes” might be said under institutional or interactive power.

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anielsensoler

SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES:

Flecha, R., Tomás, G., & Vidu, A. (2020). Contributions from psychology to effectively use, and achieving sexual consent.  Frontiers in Psychology , 11 (92), 1-14.

Willis, M., Jozkowski K. (2018). Sexual Precedent’s Efect on Sexual Consent Communication. Archives of Sexual Behavior,  48:1723–1734 

 

COMMENT:
 

It is indeed fundamental to understand that consent is not only limited to verbal communication, it can be communicated verbally or nonverbally, explicitly or implicitly and research indicates that nonverbal consent cues are used more frequently than verbal cues (Willis & Jozkowski, 2018, page 1733). 

The key to sexual consent is that it is contextual.  Sexual precedent theory establishes that people believe that engaging in consensual sex at one point in time implies consent to later sexual encounters with that person (Willis & Jozkowski, 2018, page 1723), but having a sexual history with a particular individual does not mean that the next encounter is automatically consented. Assuming the contrary can lead to non-consensual sex. 

In addition to explicit speech, both partners should pay attention and understand non-verbal communication, (body language “says” a lot). “Only yes is yes” ignores that the “yes” might be due to the feeling of pressure, expectation, or fear of verbally saying no.  “Fear, intimidation, power relations, and academic evaluations are situations that may inhibit the victim’s capacity to say “no”; so consent should be nullified in this context.” (Flecha et al, 2020, page 4) 

The way in which we understand and communicate consent is fundamental to have healthy relationships, and it is therefore crucial to change the way in which consent is portrayed in movies, TV, porn etc. which kids and young adults are learning from. From a young age we are exposed to this content, and we are “taught” about consent though these role models we see on screens. For example, men that watch porn are repeatedly exposed to the idea that a more traditional masculinity is attractive, and that silence means yes, which can lead them to being more violent and result in an abusive relationship. 

Last edited 11 months ago by anielsensoler
pol.lopez.puertas

Moltes vegades confonem els conceptes de consentiment i voluntat. Son fenòmens vinculats, és cert, però son diferents.

 

En un hipotètic exemple, una persona podria accedir “formalment” (consentir) a sostenir una relació o pràctica sexual amb la seva parella i “realment” no desitjar participar-hi (voluntat); alguns motius podrien ser: cedir per por a que s’enfadi la parella, pel desig de complaure-la, per vetllar pel benestar del vincle amorós, entre d’altres, manifestant la seva “decisió” a través de paraules, o bé, del silenci. Hi ha consentiment, no es vulnera el cos, però el desig sexual no és bilateral. En aquest escenari, no hi ha ús de la força ni amenaces directes ni imposició de la parella i, tanmateix, sorgeix una cosa que està malament, ja que s’accepta una relació sexual no desitjada.

El consentiment, doncs, és un acord deliberat, conscient i lliure de la voluntat respecte a un acte extern, propi o estrany. Com bé diu la definició, el consentiment no deixa de ser un acord. Ara bé, la problemàtica en molts dels casos està en: On es troba el límit d’aquest consentiment?, Què se’n fa de l’agressor que viola aquest consentiment?

Aleshores, el concepte de consentiment ha d’incloure ètica de la responsabilitat, que representa les interaccions de poder en una estructura social desigual i també deu incloure llenguatge corporal no verbal; no té sentit preguntar amb paraules en cada moment de l’estil: vols seguir fent això?, etc.

Els límits, doncs, queden inclosos en la paraula consentir, fins allà on tu permetis. Però no és tan fàcil. Hi ha gent que se salta aquest consentiment. Aquesta gent que viola els límits, se’ls solen intentar aplicar molts anys de presó i depenent del grau d’actes comesos, les seves conseqüències.

El silenci, no vol dir que sí.

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