- Vagi KJ, O’Malley Olsen E, Basile KC, Vivolo-Kantor AM. Teen Dating Violence (Physical and Sexual) Among US High School Students: Findings From the 2013 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey. JAMA Pediatr. 2015 May;169(5):474-82. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3577. PMID: 25730143; PMCID: PMC5858695.
- Litz, K., & Holvoet, N. (2019). Adolescent dating violence among Nicaraguan youth. Violence against women, 1077801219889182. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801219889182
- Torras-Gómez, E.; Puigvert, L.; Aiello, E.; Khalfaoui, A. (2020). Our Right to the Pleasure of Falling in Love. Frontiers in Psychology. https://10.3389/fpsyg.2019.03068
- Valls, R., Puigvert, L., & Duque, E. (2008). Gender violence among teenagers: Socialization and prevention. Violence against women, 14(7), 759-785. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801208320365
- Giebel, G., Moran, J., Schawohl, A., & Weierstall, R. (2015). The thrill of loving a dominant partner: Relationships between preference for a dominant mate, sensation seeking, and trait anxiety. Personal Relationships, 22(2), 275-284. https://doi.org/10.1111/pere.12079
- Racionero-Plaza S, Ugalde L, Merodio G and Gutiérrez-Fernández N (2020) “Architects of Their Own Brain.” Social Impact of an Intervention Study for the Prevention of Gender-Based Violence in Adolescence. Front. Psychol. 10:3070. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.03070
It is often heard among people responsible for the prevention of gender-based violence and the public, that gender-based violence occurs between stable partners. This hoax hides the enormous rate of gender-based violence in sporadic relationships. This idea makes it difficult in educational settings to develop prevention programmes on gender violence from an early age.
For example, in a survey conducted in the US, approximately 81% of mothers and fathers of teenagers in the US believe that dating violence is not a problem or admit that they do not know if it is a problem.
There is international research which directly links gender-based violence with dates and non-stable relationships. This research illustrates that the important is not the nature of the relationship although the person who is chosen for this relationship.
In a study about the coercive discourse and its impact on women’s pleasure, participants explained that whereas they had never felt pressures to have stable relationships with nice guys, they had suffered a lot of pressures to hook up with violent boys:
Torras-Gómez, E.; Puigvert, L.; Aiello, E.; Khalfaoui, A. (2020). Our Right to the Pleasure of Falling in Love. Frontiers in Psychology. https://10.3389/fpsyg.2019.03068
Giebel, G., Moran, J., Schawohl, A., & Weierstall, R. (2015). The thrill of loving a dominant partner: Relationships between preference for a dominant mate, sensation seeking, and trait anxiety. Personal Relationships, 22(2), 275-284. (JCR Q3 in 2015 ; Q3 in 2015; SCOPUS Q1 in 2015; Q1 in 2019)
Racionero-Plaza, S., Ugalde, L., Merodio, G., & Gutiérrez-Fernández, N. (2019). “Architects of Their Own Brain.” Social Impact of an Intervention Study for the Prevention of Gender-Based Violence in Adolescence. Frontiers in psychology, 10. (JCR Q2 in 2019; SCOPUS Q1 in 2019)
Puigvert, L., Gelsthorpe, L., Soler-Gallart, M., & Flecha, R. (2019). Girls’ perceptions of boys with violent attitudes and behaviours, and of sexual attraction. Palgrave Communications, 5(1), 1-12. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41599-019-0262-5 (SCOPUS Q2 2019) ALTMETRIC: 102
There are several studies that evidence that gender-based violence is not related to the lenght of the relationship, but the person chosen to share this relationship (Giebel et al., 2015; Racionero et al., 2019). Therefore, perpetration of violence is linked with men with Dominant Traditional Masculinities, which represent “those men who embrace the values of the patriarchal society and consider themselves to be the ones who ‘know about sex’, and they are sometimes linked with violent attitudes.” (Puigvert et al., 2019)
Ruiz-Eugenio, L., Racionero-Plaza, S., Duque, E., & Puigvert, L. (2020, November 30). Female University Students’ preferences for different types of sexual relationships: Implications for gender-based violence prevention programs and policies – BMC Women’s health. BioMed Central. Retrieved February 28, 2023, from https://bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12905-020-01131-1
This study asked 191 university female students in Spain their preference in situations with more violent men. After conducting this study it provided that 28.42% of the research participants would prefer a man with violent behavior for hooking up and just 5.78% for a stable relationship. And even when asked about if their friends, 28.95% of participants said that their female friends would prefer a man with violent
behavior for a stable relationship, meanwhile 58.42% would do it for hooking up. This research presents quantitative data that shows that woman prefer violent men for hooking up which would not support the claim that gender-based violence is more prevalent in stable relationships.
Tras la lectura del comentario, en primer lugar, consideramos que hay que definir a que tipo de relaciones se está refiriendo ya que al leer la palabra “relación” nosotros englobamos a la familia, amigos o pareja, entre otros.
Por otro lado, en parte estamos de acuerdo con que sea un bulo porque desde la infancia al vivir en una sociedad patriarcal la violencia de género no sólo se da en parejas estables, desde pequeño se da en la familia, en los grupos de iguales, etc.
Pero vemos conveniente detallar tanto la palabra “frecuencia” como los tipos de relaciones y la estabilidad de éstas. Por ejemplo, para una persona puede ser frecuente una agresión verbal una vez al mes y para otras, diariamente.
¿Cuándo se considera una relación estable?