Sex education in Spain: the relevance of teachers’ training and attitudes

Scientific Evidence Platform Needs more evidence Sex education in Spain: the relevance of teachers’ training and attitudes
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A research was carried out in which the main objective was to discover the thinking and training acquired by early childhood and primary education professionals towards social education. It was exactly a voluntary questionnaire, which showed through several questions what they thought about it. The results were not entirely positive, which called into question the professionalism of some teachers.

Education in the classroom is a fundamental part of a child’s development. It is necessary that from an early age we are trained at home and at school in a free and nonjudgmental way. The scarce training of teachers in areas as delicate and important as gender equality can lead to a very unproductive teaching. This could be detrimental to the child’s thinking and in the future, he/she could become a discriminatory person.

It is important to emphasize the importance of being able to train well the people who will later be able to educate our children and in this way, during the career, to teach subjects that deal in a deep way with sexual education. In this way, we could make a better and more egalitarian society. In this way, do you think there should be an improvement in teacher training?

OTHER SOURCES: 2021. Login – SSO – Universitat Rovira i Virgili. [online] Available at: <> [Accessed 2 November 2021].

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Mercé Gracia Fuster

El equipo docente ocupa el lugar central en la transmisión de conocimientos, la educación sexual es un tema de vital importancia en la formación del alumnado en edad tanto infantil como adolescente. Por una parte, la calidad de este tipo de educación se ve afectada por la escasa formación y compromiso del profesorado con esta temática, pero también hay que tener en cuenta que dentro del plan de formación escolar este ámbito tan solo ocupa una pequeña parte, viéndose aplastado por las partes del currículum destinadas al aprendizaje académico para la promoción de curso.

Es necesario apostar por una educación sexual de mayor calidad, lo que implica, por una parte, una mayor inclusión de esta en el proceso educativo, reconociendo su carácter transversal y teniendo esta en cuenta en todo el plan de estudios, y por otra parte una mayor formación del profesorado para hacer frente a temáticas como la educación sexual integral, la autodeterminación sexual, la mercantilización sexual y las leyes relacionadas con el sexo. 

García-Vázquez, J. et al (2014). Educación sexual: opiniones y propuestas del alumnado y profesorado de los institutos de secundaria de Asturias, España. SAGE Journals. Recuperado 22 de febrero de 2022, de

Martínez, J. L. et al (2012). Sex education in Spain: teachers’ views of obstacles. Taylor & Francis. Recuperado 22 de febrero de 2022, de

Fajardo Utrilla, & Cruz Lerida, A. (1996). [Interest of adolescents in Extremadura in sex education]. In Revista Rol de enfermería (Vol. 19, Issue 220, pp. 31–32, 35–36). Rol,.


In order to compare the information, several articles have been reviewed. In these research, teachers ´attitudes towards the topic of sexuality and their capacity to teach it have been studied, as well as whether they can do it from a gender perspective. 
In one of the articles, a nationwide study was carried out in Spain aimed at pre-school, primary, and secondary teachers, investigating the first two issues mentioned above (attitude and capacity). It was observed that most of the teachers show a positive attitude towards sex education. They believe that it is important to teach it correctly, but they reckon that they are not trained in terms of content to do it. 
This leads us to the next article, where a descriptive qualitative study was carried out among primary school teachers to find out what barriers prevented the comprehensive teaching of sex education. They express a lack of information and training on the subject. They also feel a certain fear about families´ rejection to this kind of teaching at school.
It is important to bear in mind that to all this, we must add that if sex education in Spain is not taught correctly or is not taught at all, even less it is done from a gender perspective.
This education is normally addressed to the homosexual community. For this reason, the last article examined proposes, as a solution, to provide people (teachers and non-teachers) with the necessary knowledge based on a critical analysis of the country’s legislation to incorporate the gender perspective in sex education, not only in schools, but also at the health and social level.
To conclude, these articles show the importance of good teacher training in all areas, but specifically in the sexuality area. Creating competent professionals in this field will not only ensure that families feel more confident about their children receiving this information (there are always some exceptions), but also that good sex education will help pupils to develop well from any gender perspective.

Plaza, F., Soliani, I., Fernández, C., Molina, J., Ventura, I., Pomares, A., López, O., & Ruiz, D. (2021). Primary school teachers’ perspective of sexual education in Spain. A qualitative study. Healthcare (Switzerland), 9.*%24&sid=915e3384f6676dd04943b5270339abdb&sot=b&sdt=b&sl=92&s=%28TITLE-ABS-KEY%28sexual+AND+education%29+AND+ABS%28teacher+AND+training%29+AND+TITLE-ABS-KEY%28Spain%29%29&relpos=0&citeCnt=1&searchTerm=&featureToggles=FEATURE_NEW_DOC_DETAILS_EXPORT:1#metrics

Martínez, J., Vicario, I., González, E., & Ilabaca, P. (2014, 2 junio). Sex education in Spain: the relevance of teachers’ training and attitudes / Educación sexual en España: importancia de la formación y las actitudes del profesorado. Infancia y Aprendizaje, 37(Issue 1, Pages 117–148).*%24&sid=915e3384f6676dd04943b5270339abdb&sot=b&sdt=b&sl=92&s=%28TITLE-ABS-KEY%28sexual+AND+education%29+AND+ABS%28teacher+AND+training%29+AND+TITLE-ABS-KEY%28Spain%29%29&relpos=6&citeCnt=4&searchTerm=&featureToggles=FEATURE_NEW_DOC_DETAILS_EXPORT:1

Cunha, A., Camarneiro, A., Gómez, S., Cipriano, C., Queiros, J., Cardoso, D., Santos, D., & Ugarte, I. (2021, 2 noviembre). The integration of gender perspective into young people’s sexuality education in spain and portugal: Legislation and educational models. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(Issue 22).*%24&sid=102712114f7e5de43433dc2aada83409&sot=b&sdt=b&sl=103&s=%28TITLE-ABS-KEY%28sexual+AND+education%29+AND+TITLE-ABS-KEY%28spain%29+AND+TITLE-ABS-KEY%28gender+AND+identities%29%29&relpos=3&citeCnt=1&searchTerm=&featureToggles=FEATURE_NEW_DOC_DETAILS_EXPORT:1

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